The dietary habits, the level of physical activity and smoking play a key role in changing cardiovascular risk factors and the observation of their changes over time can reveal patterns that may help in the primary prevention. The Mediterranean diet represents an eating pattern with a balanced intake of nutrients, vitamins and traces, while its association with improvement of several health indices has been stressed by various studies. For this reason “Empakan” Medical Society for the Study of Rick Factors in Vascular Diseases designed the PERSEAS study (Prosepective Evaluation of vascular Risk Surrogates: the Elafonisos Area Study), which was a scientific program that focused in the hinhabitants of this island, providing them furthermore control of many major cardiometabolic risk factors with specialized medical examinations.

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